We propose a novel multi-task neural network-based approach for joint sound source localization and speech/non-speech classification in noisy environments. The network takes raw short time Fourier transform as input and outputs the likelihood values for the two tasks, which are used for the simultaneous detection, localization and classification of an unknown number of overlapping sound sources, Tested with real recorded data, our method achieves significantly better performance in terms of speech/non-speech classification and localization of speech sources, compared to method that performs localization and classification separately. In addition, we demonstrate that incorporating the temporal context can further improve the performance.
We propose using neural networks for simultaneous detection and localization of multiple sound sources in human-robot interaction. In contrast to conventional signal processing techniques, neural network-based sound source localization methods require fewer strong assumptions about the environment. Previous neural network-based methods have been focusing on localizing a single sound source, which do not extend to multiple sources in terms of detection and localization. In this paper, we thus propose a likelihood-based encoding of the network output, which naturally allows the detection of an arbitrary number of sources. In addition, we investigate the use of sub-band cross-correlation information as features for better localization in sound mixtures, as well as three different network architectures based on different motivations. Experiments on real data recorded from a robot show that our proposed methods significantly outperform the popular spatial spectrum-based approaches.