VERA Fingervein Database

This package contains iterators for accessing samples of the VERA Fingervein Database in a programmatic way. This package does not contain data samples themselves - you must procure those yourself through the links above.

The VERA Fingervein Database for finger vein biometric recognition consists of 440 images from 110 clients. The dataset also contains presentation (a.k.a. spoofing) attacks to the same 440 images that can be used to study vulnerability of biometric systems or presentation attack detection schemes. This database was produced at the Idiap Research Institute, in Switzerland.

If you use this database in your publication, please cite the following papers on your references. This database introduced the VERA fingervein dataset for biometric recognition:

  author = {Vanoni, Matthias and Tome, Pedro and El Shafey, Laurent and Marcel, S{\'{e}}bastien},
  month = oct,
  title = {Cross-Database Evaluation With an Open Finger Vein Sensor},
  booktitle = {IEEE Workshop on Biometric Measurements and Systems for Security and Medical Applications (BioMS)},
  year = {2014},
  location = {Rome, Italy},
  url = {}

This paper introduced fingervein vulnerability, providing recipes and a set of attacks for checking existing biometric pipelines:

  author = {Tome, Pedro and Vanoni, Matthias and Marcel, S{\'{e}}bastien},
  keywords = {Biometrics, Finger vein, Spoofing Attacks},
  month = sep,
  title = {On the Vulnerability of Finger Vein Recognition to Spoofing},
  booktitle = {IEEE International Conference of the Biometrics Special Interest Group (BIOSIG)},
  year = {2014},
  location = {Darmstadt, Germay},
  url = {}

This paper contains results for the first fingervein presentation-attack detection competition. It also introduces protocols for PAD in the context of fingerveins:

  author = {Tome, Pedro and Raghavendra, R. and Busch, Christoph and Tirunagari, Santosh and Poh, Norman and Shekar, B. H. and Gragnaniello, Diego and Sansone, Carlo and Verdoliva, Luisa and Marcel, S{\'{e}}bastien},
  keywords = {Biometrics, Finger vein, Spoofing Attacks, Anti-spoofing},
  month = may,
  title = {The 1st Competition on Counter Measures to Finger Vein Spoofing Attacks},
  booktitle = {The 8th IAPR International Conference on Biometrics (ICB)},
  year = {2015},
  location = {Phuket, Thailand},
  url = {}